News listings

energy-pedia development and production

Global deepwater production to increase 60% - Wood Mackenzie

24 Nov 2022

Photo - see caption

Deepwater is the fastest growing upstream oil and gas resource theme. From just 300,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe/d) in 1990, production is expected to hit 10.4 million boe/d in 2022. By the end of the decade, that figure should pass 17 million boe/d, according to Wood Mackenzie.

Production to grow by six million boe/d this decade

Deepwater production is set to increase by over 60% between 2022 and 2030, growing from 6% to 8% of overall upstream production. Ultra-deepwater production – from depths of 1,500 metres and above is growing fastest – by 2024 it will account for more than half of all deepwater production (our definition is 400 metres of water depth or above).

Brazil remains the leading deepwater producer, it accounts for around 30% of current global capacity and will continue to grow. Guyana, the most significant new entrant, will be producing one million boe/d within the next five years. In total 14 other countries will contribute to the deepwater supply mix in the coming years.

Indexed oil & gas production growth by resource theme, 2022-2030

Photo - see caption

The sector remains under the control of a small number of key players

Despite the diversification of sources, and of corporate participants, control over major deepwater projects sits in the hands of relatively few companies. Just eight companies account for 65% of deepwater production and 67% of the remaining project value.

Petrobras and the seven Majors dominate deepwater production, operating 22 of the top 25 deepwater assets. Petrobras’ deepwater portfolio is around twice as big as its nearest peer, Shell, which stands out among the majors for leading production and cash flow. ExxonMobil and TotalEnergies show the highest rates of growth this decade.

Advantaged barrels: deepwater’s enviable economic and emissions metrics

Typically, only the best subsurface plays become commercial in water this deep. Deepwater basins therefore tend to be hyper productive, recovering huge volumes of oil and gas from each well. This translates into high economic returns and low Scope 1 and 2 emissions intensities relative to most other oil and gas resource themes.

But there is still room for emissions improvement. The Majors are focused on cutting deepwater emissions by reducing flaring and methane leaks, optimising operations at existing platforms and, where possible, facility electrification. Brazil’s scale means it is the highest absolute emitter and its performance is contingent on Petrobras’ decarbonisation aspirations.

There is a robust pre-FID project pipeline, offering plenty of investment opportunities across a range of jurisdictions. Average investment returns in our global database of deepwater development projects are 24%, at US$60/bbl Brent, but the bookends are far apart. The best returns are generated by smaller oil fields which can be tied back to nearby infrastructure. The lowest are long leadtime gas supply projects.

Supply chain constraints are a concern

Service companies have made huge fleet reductions for key equipment such as floating rigs and productions systems since the peaks of the 2010s. With activity levels growing, equipment and services availability will be a constraint.

Cost inflation will continue to risk project economics as higher utilisation combines with higher commodity prices. In some regions deepwater rig costs have doubled compared to 2021 dayrates. It has hit global hotspots such as the US GoM and Brazil hardest, Gato do Mato in the Brazilian pre-salt for example, will be delayed by up to two years due to rising costs.

Constraints in the global deepwater supply chain will, with time, increase lead times and unit costs across the board. Participants have pushed operational efficiencies such as cutting drill-days and modularising facilities to offset some of the impact, but the hard-fought efficiency gains made during previous downturns are starting to reverse.

Data in this report was powered by Lens Upstream. Find out more

Original article link

Source: Wood Mackenzie

Bookmark and Share

A global information service for upstream oil and gas opportunities - divestitures, farmins and farmouts and licensing rounds.

Subscriber Only Deals

Current Deals

Current Upstream Deals: 285

Completed Deals

Completed Upstream Deals: 6384

Company Profiles

Current Company Profiles: 2854

Corporate Activity

Current Corporate Activity articles: 3977

Companies Looking

Current number of articles: 457

Company Sales

Current Company Sales articles:1580


Current Geostudies articles: 884

How to subscribe

energy-pedia Jobs

RSS Feed Widget
See all jobs...

energy-pedia Databank

The energy-pedia databank contains links to information on the world financial and energy markets, including share prices, oil and gas prices and the global stock exchanges. Read more...

energy-pedia Glossary

A list of commonly used terms in the oil and gas industry. Read more...


Subscribe to the FREE
energy-pedia Daily Newsletter

Union Jack Oil 149
Government of South Australia
About energy-pedia

energy-pedia news is a FREE news service written and edited by E and P professionals for E and P professionals.

We don't just report the news, we give you the technical background as well, with additional information derived from our unique energy-pedia opportunities service.
Contact us

energy365 Ltd

238 High Street
London Colney
St Albans

Tel: +44(0)1727 822675