South America / GoM
Country profile: Grenada
|Location:||Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago|
|Climate:||tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds|
|Terrain:||volcanic in origin with central mountains|
|Size:||344 sq. km total (Land area: 344 sq. km )|
|Languages:||English (official), French patois|
|Capital city:||Saint George's|
|Legal system:||based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction|
|Currency:||East Caribbean dollar (XCD)|
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Columbus discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs.
Full independence was attained in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Energy production and consumption
|Consumption:||1,800 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Imports:||1,776 bbl/day (2004)|
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Other countries in this region
- Costa Rica,
- Dominican Republic,
- French Guiana,
- Gulf of Mexico,