South America / GoM

French Guiana flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: French Guiana

Location: North of Brazil and east of Suriname on the northeast coast of South America
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
Size: 91000 sq. km total (Land area: 89150 sq. km  Water area: 1850
Population: 186,917
Languages: French
Capital city: Cayenne
Legal system: French legal system
Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)

Country profile

First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou. There are gold (discovered in 1855), petroleum, and other mineral deposits; exploitation, however, has been hindered by inadequate transportation and scarcity of labour.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: NaN  NaN 
Consumption: 6,500  NaN 
Exports: NaN  NaN 
Imports: 6,500  NaN 
Reserves: NaN  NaN 
Major fields:

French Guiana - recent news

11 Dec 18
French Guiana: Total commits to carry out its exploration campaign offshore French Guiana with transparency
Total is ready to start its exploration campaign on the Guyane Maritime license, located 150 kms off the French Guyana coast. Conscious of the questions that this campaign could raise, Total has highlighted that it is a responsible company that conducts operations while constantly seeking to minimize the environmental risk and is determined to act with transparency.

French Guiana - more news

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