Central & SE Asia / Australasia

Fiji flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Fiji

Location: Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Climate: tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Size: 18270 sq. km total (Land area: 18270 sq. km )
Population: 931,741 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
Government: republic
Capital city: Suva (on Viti Levu)
Legal system: based on British system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Fijian dollar (FJD)
Licensing:

Country profile

Fiji became independent in 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji, led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable.

Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president. In January 2007, BAINIMARAMA was appointed interim prime minister.

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production:    
Consumption: 9,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Exports: 2,268 bbl/day (2004 est.)  
Imports: 10,870 bbl/day (2004 est.)  
Reserves:    
Major fields:



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