Central & SE Asia / Australasia

Myanmar flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Myanmar

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand
Climate: tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)
Terrain: central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands
Size: 678500 sq. km total (Land area: 657740 sq. km  Water area: 20760 sq.km)
Population: 47,758,181
Languages: Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Government: military junta
Capital city: Rangoon (Yangon)
Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: kyat (MMK)

Country profile

Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-1886) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; independence from the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. Despite multiparty legislative elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory, the ruling junta refused to hand over power. NLD leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who was under house arrest from 1989 to 1995 and 2000 to 2002, was imprisoned in May 2003 and subsequently transferred to house arrest.

After Burma's ruling junta in August 2007 unexpectedly increased fuel prices, tens of thousands of Burmese marched in protest, led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks. In late September 2007, the government brutally suppressed the protests, killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. Since then, the regime has continued to raid homes and monasteries and arrest persons suspected of participating in the pro-democracy protests. The junta appointed Labor Minister AUNG KYI in October 2007 as liaison to AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who remains under house arrest and virtually incommunicado with her party and supporters.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 7,700 bbl/day (2006 est.) 12 billion cu m (2005)
Consumption: 20,460 bbl/day (2006 est.) 3 billion cu m (2005)
Exports: 5,000 bbl/day (2006 est.) 8 billion cu m (2005)
Imports: 19,180 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Reserves: 1 billion bbl/day (2006 est.) 271 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Myanmar - recent news

04 Jan 21
Myanmar: PTTEP receives exclusive right to develop Integrated Domestic Gas to Power Project in Myanmar
PTT Exploration and Production (PTTEP) will move forward the Integrated Domestic Gas to Power Project in Myanmar after receiving an exclusive development right from the Myanmar government.
04 Jun 20
Myanmar: PETRONAS enters Myanmar's gas market with first LNG cargo delivery
PETRONAS through its subsidiary, PETRONAS LNG (PLL), recently completed its maiden delivery of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Yangon, Myanmar, with two LNG cargoes delivered in May and June 2020. The delivery of the two LNG cargoes is part of a Master Sale and Purchase Agreement between PLL and CNTIC VPower that was signed in early 2020.
18 Feb 20
Myanmar: Posco International discovers new gas field in Block A3
South Korean conglomerate Posco International Corp has discovered a new gas field in Block A3 at the Shwe natural gas project located offshore Rakhine.
17 Dec 19
Myanmar: Woodside's A-6 Development offshore Myanmar moves to the pre-FEED phase
Woodside has advised that the A-6 Development offshore Myanmar has moved from the exploration and appraisal phase to the pre-front-end engineering design (pre-FEED) phase. The development, located in Block A-6 within Woodside’s Southern Hub, is being progressed alongside joint venture participants MPRL E&P and Total E&P Myanmar.
21 Oct 19
Myanmar: Maersk Drilling awarded three-well drillship contract by POSCO International
Maersk Drilling has secured a contract for the 7th generation drillship Maersk Viking which will be employed by the POSCO International Corporation, a Korean operator, for a three-well campaign offshore Myanmar.

Myanmar - more news

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