Central & SE Asia / Australasia
Country profile: Cambodia
|Location:||Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos|
|Climate:||tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation|
|Terrain:||mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north|
|Size:||181040 sq. km total (Land area: 176520 sq. km Water area: 4520 sq.km)|
|Languages:||Khmer (official) 95%, French, English|
|Government:||multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy|
|Capital city:||Phnom Penh|
|Legal system:||primarily a civil law mixture of French-influenced codes from the United Nations|
Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863 and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war.
The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the remaining Khmer Rouge leaders are awaiting trial by a UN-sponsored tribunal for crimes against humanity. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King SIHANOUK abdicated the throne due to illness and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, and there was little in the way of pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections are scheduled for July 2008.
Energy production and consumption
|Consumption:||3,700 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Exports:||bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Imports:||3,585 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
Cambodia - recent news
|26 Aug 20
||Cambodia: KrisEnergy hits milestone in Cambodia Block A Apsara oil development as platform sails for field location
KrisEnergy has announced that fabrication of the minimum facilities wellhead platform ('Mini-Platform') for the Apsara oil development offshore Cambodia Block A is completed and the topsides and jacket are being transported to Cambodian waters in the Gulf of Thailand for installation.
|01 May 20
||Cambodia: KrisEnergy secures loan facility for Cambodia Apsara oil development
KrisEnergy has entered into a credit facility agreement with Kepinvest Singapore for up to US$87 million. The loan facility will be used to fund the development of the Company's Apsara oil field in Block A, offshore Cambodia.
|28 Jan 20
||Cambodia: Fugro awarded geotechnical contract for KrisEnergy's Apsara oil field, offshore Cambodia
Fugro has been awarded a geotechnical contract for KrisEnergy's Apsara oil field in Block A, offshore Cambodia, as part of the nation’s first hydrocarbon development.
|09 Dec 19
||Cambodia: KrisEnergy cuts first steel for Cambodia Apsara oil platform
KrisEnergy has announced that on 6 December 2019 a ceremony was held to mark the cutting of first steel for the minimum facilities wellhead platform for the Apsara oil field in Block A, offshore Cambodia, the nation’s maiden hydrocarbon development.
|13 Nov 19
||Cambodia: KrisEnergy signs LOA for Cambodia Apsara oil platform fabrication
KrisEnergy has signed a conditional letter of award with Profab for the supply of a minimum facilities wellhead platform for the Apsara oil field, Cambodia’s maiden oil development. Apsara oil is scheduled to flow in the first half of 2020.
Cambodia - more news
Other countries in this region
- Hong Kong,
- New Zealand,
- North Korea,
- Papua New Guinea,
- South Korea,
- Sri Lanka,
- Timor Leste,