Central & SE Asia / Australasia

Hong Kong flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Hong Kong

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Climate: subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north
Size: 1092 sq. km total (Land area: 1042 sq. km  Water area: 50 sq.km)
Population: 7,018,636 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Chinese (Cantonese) 89.2% (official), other Chinese dialects 6.4%, English 3.2% (official), other 1.2% (2001 census)
Government: limited democracy
Capital city: Kowloon
Legal system: based on English common law
Currency: Hong Kong dollar (HKD)

Country profile

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997.

In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 292,000 bbl/day (2006 est.) 2 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Exports: 22,420 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Imports: 314,700 bbl/day (2006 est.) 2 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Major fields:

Hong Kong - recent news

05 Apr 22
Hong Kong: Fugro to conduct site characterisation for Hong Kong artificial islands
The Hong Kong government has awarded Fugro a contract to conduct a marine geotechnical and geophysical site characterisation for the development of artificial islands of about 1,000 hectares in its Central Waters.

Hong Kong - more news

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