Central & SE Asia / Australasia

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Summary | Profile

Country profile: New Zealand

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia
Climate: temperate with sharp regional contrasts
Terrain: predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Size: 268680 sq. km total (Land area: 268021 sq. km )
Population: 4,173,460 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: English (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)
Government: parliamentary democracy
Capital city: Wellington
Legal system: based on English law, with special land legislation and land courts for the Maori; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Country profile

The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples.

The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 25,880 bbl/day (2006 est.) 3 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Consumption: 156,000 bbl/day (2006 est.) 3 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Exports: 15,720 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Imports: 140,900 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Reserves: 55 million bbl (1 January 2006 est.) 29 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

New Zealand - recent news

21 Jun 23
New Zealand: Ormat signs agreements to develop 50MW geothermal power plant in New Zealand
Ormat Technologies, a leading geothermal, energy storage, photovoltaic (PV), solar and recovered energy power company, has announced the signing of agreements with Eastland Generation Limited (EGL) to build a 50MW power plant in New Zealand.
29 Nov 22
New Zealand: Meridian's Southern Green Hydrogen Project selects Woodside Energy as preferred partner
Meridian Energy, a New Zealand power company that generates electricity through 100% renewable sources, with the support of Ngai Tahu, has selected Woodside Energy as the preferred partner to move forward to the development stage of the proposed Southern Green Hydrogen (SGH) project in New Zealand.
27 Oct 22
New Zealand: Jadestone Energy announces termination of Maari acquisition
Jadestone Energy has announced that the Company has mutually agreed with OMV New Zealand, a subsidiary of OMV, to terminate the sale and purchase agreement to acquire an operated 69% interest in the Maari Project, offshore New Zealand.
14 Sep 22
New Zealand: Vestas wins 43 MW order for wind project in New Zealand
In partnership with Mercury, Vestas has secured a 43 MW order for Kaiwera Downs Wind Farm in New Zealand.
24 Apr 22
New Zealand: Contact and Lightsource bp join forces as solar development partners in New Zealand
Under the new 50/50 joint venture Contact and Lightsource bp will source, develop and construct multiple solar farm projects in various locations across New Zealand. Contact will be able to purchase the electricity generated from the projects via a long-term power purchase agreement.

New Zealand - more news

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