Central & SE Asia / Australasia

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Summary | Profile

Country profile: India

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Size: 3287590 sq. km total (Land area: 2973190 sq. km  Water area: 314400 sq.km)
Population: 1,147,995,898 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people and there are 21 other official languages.
Government: federal republic
Capital city: New Delhi
Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus
Currency: Indian rupee (INR)
Licensing:

Country profile

The Indian economy continues to show impressive economic growth. The country’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an impressive rate of 9.1 percent during the first half of fiscal 2006 (April – September 2006), after growing by 8.7 percent in fiscal 2005. Together with the country’s impressive growth, India has also become a significant consumer of energy resources.

According to EIA estimates, India was the fifth largest consumer of oil in the world during 2006.

Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated onto the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkic in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars.

Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons testing in 1998 caused Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year.

The dispute between the countries over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, but discussions and confidence-building measures have led to decreased tensions since 2002. Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife.

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production: 834,600 bbl/day (2005 est.) 28 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 2 million bbl/day (2005 est.) 34 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: 350,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 2 million bbl/day (2005 est.) 5 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Reserves: 5 billion bbl (2007 est.) 1 trillion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:



India - recent news

23 Oct 20
India: ONGC and OIL awarded blocks in India's OALP Bid Round-V
State-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) has won seven out of the 11 oil and gas exploration blocks offered for bidding in the latest licensing round, upstream regulator Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) said. Oil India Ltd (OIL) won the remaining four blocks.
15 Oct 20
India: Total strengthens its partnership with Adani in renewable energies
In April 2020, Total and AGEL, a renewable energy subsidiary of the Adani Group, formed a JV to which AGEL contributed a portfolio of 2.1 GW of solar power plants. As part of an option provided for in the initial contract for the formation of the JV, Total and AGEL agreed to extend this portfolio from 2.1 to 2.3 GW with the addition of new solar farms.
06 Oct 20
India: Vestas introduces low-wind variant suited for India’s wind market and expands its production footprint in the country
The global demand for sustainable energy solutions in low and ultra-low wind areas continues to grow as renewable technology improves in efficiency and cost. This trend is especially prominent in India, the world’s fourth largest wind energy market, where the energy demand is expected to double and the government intends to add around 100 GW wind power in the predominantly low-wind market by 2030.
20 Sep 20
China: CNOOC Ltd announces commencement of production at Liuhua 16-2 oilfield/ 20-2 oilfield joint development project
CNOOC Limited has announced that the Liuhua 16-2 oilfield/ 20-2 oilfield joint development project, located in the Eastern South China Sea, has commenced production.
15 Sep 20
India: Fugro awarded ONGC 3-year contract for integrated survey services
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) in India has awarded Fugro a 3-year contract to provide integrated survey services for the fourth consecutive time. The latest contract which covers infield developments on the east and west coasts of India.

India - more news

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