Central & SE Asia / Australasia

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Summary | Profile

Country profile: Singapore

Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
Size: 693 sq. km total (Land area: 683 sq. km  Water area: 10 sq.km)
Population: 4,608,167 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
Government: parliamentary republic
Capital city: Singapore
Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Singapore dollar (SGD)

Country profile

Singapore’s strategic location at the entrance to the Strait of Malacca , through which roughly one-third of global sea commerce passes each year, has helped it become one of the most important shipping centers in Asia. The Port of Singapore, one of the world's busiest in terms of shipping tonnage, is a key component of Singapore’s prosperity and economic health. Singapore is also a leader in new biotechnologies, petroleum refining, and the manufacture of computer components. Recognizing that Singapore’s future growth depends on overcoming energy resource limitations and a small domestic market, the government of Singapore has vigorously encouraged local firms to regionalize their operations and to invest abroad.

The government also has undertaken efforts to attract additional foreign investors to Singapore. China , India , and the fellow Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have been identified as priority countries in Singapore's regionalization drive. During his May 2003 visit to Washington, Former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong signed a Free Trade Agreement, which came into effect on January 1, 2004, as well as a Memorandum of Intent of Cooperation in Environmental Matters. Trade between Singapore and the United States traditionally has been strong.

The United States is Singapore's second largest trading partner, and Singapore is the United State's eleventh largest export market, receiving $20.6 billion in U.S. exports in 2005. Singapore's economy has recovered from the lingering effects of the 2001-2003 global recession and an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 that curbed tourism and consumer spending. In 2005, Singapore’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at a rate of 6.4 percent, lower than the 8.4 percent rate in 2004. Economic forecasts suggest Singapore’s real GDP will grow at 5.3 percent in 2006 and 4.9 percent in 2007.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 9,836 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Consumption: 802,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 6 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Exports: 1 million bbl/day (2004)  
Imports: 1 million bbl/day (2004) 6 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Major fields:

Singapore - recent news

19 Aug 20
Singapore: PUB and Sembcorp commence construction of 60 MWp floating solar photovoltaic system on Tengeh reservoir
Singapore's National Water Agency PUB and Sembcorp Industries, Singapore’s leading renewable energy player, have commenced construction of the 60 megawatt-peak (MWp) floating solar photovoltaic (PV) system on Tengeh Reservoir, marking a significant milestone in building one of the world’s largest inland floating solar PV systems, which will enable Singapore to be one of the few countries in the world to integrate green technology with water treatment.
02 Jul 20
Singapore: Industry leaders collaborate to develop Singapore’s first end-to-end decarbonisation process to mitigate climate change
Industry leaders, Keppel Data Centres, Chevron, Pan-United and Surbana Jurong, with the support of the National Research Foundation, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding committing to harness their combined resources and jointly develop the first end-to-end decarbonisation process in Singapore.

Singapore - more news

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