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Summary | Profile

Country profile: Croatia

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Size: 56542 sq. km total (Land area: 56414 sq. km  Water area: 128
Population: 4,491,543 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)
Government: presidential/parliamentary democracy
Capital city: Zagreb
Legal system: based on Austro-Hungarian law system with Communist law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: kuna (HRK)

Country profile

The countries of the Balkans region are neither major energy producers nor consumers. Although the region does hold some important fossil fuel deposits, these resources are not significant on a world scale, and the political and economic instability in the Balkans in recent years has discouraged any substantial foreign investment in the respective countries' energy sectors.

Rather, the region is becoming more important as a transit center for Russian and Caspian Sea region oil exports to Western consumers. The region's leading transit projects are listed below.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 27,190 bbl/day (2005 est.) 1 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 99,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 2 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: 40,930 bbl/day (2004 est.)  
Imports: 109,800 bbl/day (2004 est.) 1 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Reserves: 69 million bbl (1 January 2006 est.) 27 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Croatia - recent news

12 Dec 23
Croatia: Star Energy mobilises rig to Ernestinovo Licence, Eastern Croatia
AIM-listed Star Energy has announced that a drill rig has been mobilised to a recently constructed well pad on its Ernestinovo Licence in Eastern Croatia, three months after the acquisition of its Croatian Geothermal interests. The rig will re-enter the Ernestinovo-3 well to test the geothermal potential of the fractured metamorphic pre-Cenozoic formation.
21 Nov 23
Croatia: Nordex Group receives an order for 56 MW in Croatia
The Nordex Group has received an order for 56 MW in Croatia. The largest wind farm developer and operator in the country, ENCRO and Adris Grupa, a leading independent investment company in Croatia, have ordered eight N163/6.X turbines for the 'Visoka' wind farm.
12 Oct 23
Croatia/South Korea: LNG Croatia and SK E&S sign JDA for possible cooperation in LNG and renewable energy sources
LNG Croatia has signed a Joint Development Agreement for possible cooperation in the field of the LNG industry, renewable energy sources, and energy efficiency with SK E&S, part of SK Group, headquartered in Seoul.
04 Oct 23
Croatia: Star Energy Group awarded licences in the Croatian Geothermal Licencing Round
Star Energy has announced its Croatian subsidiary has been issued with two highly prospective geothermal licences by the Croatian Hydrocarbon Agency, as part of the current licencing round announced on 28 December 2022.
20 Mar 23
Croatia: Halliburton supports four offshore wells for INA Croatia
Halliburton Europe recently provided offshore wireline services for Croatian INA Group company in the Adriatic Sea. The Wireline team completed logging operations on four wells.

Croatia - more news

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