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Summary | Profile

Country profile: France

Location: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain,0
Climate: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral
Terrain: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east
Size: 547030 sq. km total (Land area: 545630 sq. km  Water area: 1400
Population: 60,876,136 in metropolitan France (July 2008 est.)
Languages: French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
Government: republic
Capital city: Paris
Legal system: civil law system with indigenous concepts; review of administrative but not legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: euro (EUR)

Country profile

In 2004, France consumed 11.2 quadrillion Btu of total energy. Nuclear energy was the largest share, representing 39 percent, followed by oil (36 percent), natural gas (16 percent) and hydroelectricity (5 percent). France is the second-largest producer of nuclear power in the world, after the United States, however, nuclear energy is a much larger share of France’s total energy consumption than the United States (8 percent in 2004).

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 73,180 bbl/day (2005 est.) 1 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Consumption: 1 million bbl/day (2005 est.) 47 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Exports: 474,200 bbl/day (2005 est.) 863 million cu m (2004 est.)
Imports: 1 million bbl/day (2005 est.) 47 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Reserves: 158 million bbl (1 January 2006 est.) 341 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

France - recent news

29 Apr 24
France: Ørsted to divest its French onshore business
Ørsted has announced the divestment of its French onshore operations to ENGIE as part of a strategic prioritisation of other European markets for onshore renewables.
25 Mar 24
France: TotalEnergies ranks first in latest national tender for rooftop solar projects
TotalEnergies strengthens its position as the market leader in rooftop solar installations in France by ranking first in the latest call for tenders issued by the French Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE), winning more than 80 MWp or 22% of the capacity awarded.
11 Jan 24
France: Q ENERGY finalizes the sale of a 73.2 MW renewable energy project portfolio in France to ERG
Q ENERGY, a major player in Europe´s renewable energy market, has announced the successful completion of the sale of a 73.2 Megawatt (MW) portfolio of renewable energy projects in France to the Italian independent renewable energy producer, ERG.
12 Dec 23
France: TotalEnergies acquires 3 start-ups in the electricity business
To contribute to the acceleration of its development in the electricity business, TotalEnergies has acquired three start-ups that have benefited from its TotalEnergies On acceleration program based at STATION F in Paris.
30 Nov 23
France: RWE and partners secure contracts for 119 MW (80 MW pro-rata) at French regulator’s latest bidding round for onshore wind power
The French CRE (Commission for the Regulation of Energy) has published the results of the latest call to tender for onshore wind power (AO 13) for a cumulative capacity of 931 megawatts (MW). Five projects have been awarded to RWE, representing 119 MW gross and 80 MW pro-rata.

France - more news

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