Europe / Caspian / CIS

Belarus flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Belarus

Location: Eastern Europe, east of Poland
Climate: cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Terrain: generally flat and contains much marshland
Size: 207600 sq. km total (Land area: 207600 sq. km  Water area:
Population: 9,685,768 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Belarusian, Russian, other
Government: republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship
Capital city: Minsk
Legal system: based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Belarusian ruble (BYB/BYR)

Country profile

After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Alexandr LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion continue.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 33,700  165 mcm
Consumption: 156,000  19 bcm
Exports: 249,900  NaN 
Imports: 378,200  19 bcm
Reserves: 198  3 bcm
Major fields:

Belarus - recent news

03 Jun 20
Belarus: Belorusneft discovers two new oil fields in the Khoiniki district of the Gomel region
Belorusneft has discovered two new oil fields in the Khoiniki district of the Gomel region, Belarus. The Izbynskoye and North Omelkovichi fields are located in the central structural zone of the Pripyat Trough.

Belarus - more news

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