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Summary | Profile

Country profile: Ireland

Location: Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Climate: temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Size: 70280 sq. km total (Land area: 68890 sq. km  Water area: 1390
Population: 4,156,119 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard
Government: republic, parliamentary democracy
Capital city: Dublin
Legal system: based on English common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: euro (EUR)

Country profile

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK.

In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is being implemented with some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production:   546 million cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 192,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 3 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: 23,360 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 204,400 bbl/day (2005 est.) 3 million cu m (2005 est.)
Reserves:   9 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Ireland - recent news

22 May 24
Ireland: Corio Generation and Bord Gáis Energy to explore Ireland offshore wind opportunities
Corio Generation and Bord Gáis Energy have announced a new partnership to explore opportunities to supply Ireland’s electricity market with green electricity from offshore wind. The agreement represents Bord Gáis Energy’s entry into the offshore wind arena and will play an important role in its ongoing commitment to expand its renewable energy portfolio.
20 May 24
Ireland, Belgium and the UK increase their cooperation on interconnection and renewables
The Minister for the Environment, Climate and Communications, Eamon Ryan, along with his Belgian and UK counterparts, Minister Tinne van der Straeten and Andrew Bowie, signed a Joint Statement in Bruges, Belgium, which paves the way for greater cooperation on renewables and interconnection opportunities between the three countries.
22 Apr 24
Ireland: Europa Oil & Gas announces results of an updated Irish Licence Emissions Report
Europa Oil & Gas has announced that it has published on the Company's website a third-party report that details the results of an updated study which calculated the expected emissions associated with the development of a future 1 TCF indigenous gas discovery on Europa's Irish offshore licence FEL 4/19.
20 Mar 24
Ireland: SSE Renewables and FuturEnergy Ireland welcome positive planning decision for Sheskin South Wind Farm
Leading renewable energy partners SSE Renewables and FuturEnergy Ireland have welcomed a decision by An Bord Pleanála last week to grant planning permission for the development of Sheskin South Wind Farm in County Mayo.
26 Feb 24
Ireland: Lansdowne Oil & Gas provides update on Energy Charter Treaty claim
Lansdowne Oil & Gas reports that, in light of the Irish Government's refusal to engage in worthwhile discussions, the Company is focused upon progressing its Energy Charter Treaty claim against Ireland following the refusal to award a Lease Undertaking for the Barryroe oil and gas field.

Ireland - more news

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