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Bosnia and Herzegovina flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Location:
Climate:
Terrain:
Size: 160 sq. km total (Land area: 456 sq. km  Water area: sq.km)
Population:
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Capital city:
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Country profile

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia."

In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government comprised of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS).

The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Office of the High Representative (OHR) was established to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to 2,500 troops.

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production: NaN  NaN 
Consumption: 26,000 bbl/d 386 million cu
Exports: NaN  NaN 
Imports: 24,940 bbl/d 386 million cu
Reserves: NaN  NaN 
Major fields:



Bosnia and Herzegovina - recent news

27 Sep 19
Bosnia and Herzegovina announces 2019 bidding round for Pannonian Basin and Dinarides blocks
Bosnia and Herzegovina is launching a bidding round for three blocks in the Pannonian Basin and one block in the Dinarides. Roadshows are scheduled for Sarajevo and London in October.
22 Oct 17
Bosnian region seeks consultants to advise on oil and gas licences
Bosnia’s autonomous Bosniak-Croat Federation has issued a tender seeking consultants to help it in awarding an oil and gas exploration and exploitation licence, after Shell and other firms showed renewed interest in the project.

Bosnia and Herzegovina - more news

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