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Summary | Profile

Country profile: Poland

Location: billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Climate: temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrain: mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Size: 312679 sq. km total (Land area: 304459 sq. km  Water area: 8220
Population: 38,500,696 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Polish 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)
Government: republic
Capital city: Warsaw
Legal system: based on a mixture of Continental (Napoleonic) civil law and holdover Communist legal theory; changes being gradually introduced as part of broader democratization process; limited judicial review of legislative acts
Currency: zloty (PLN)

Country profile

Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic (commonly referred to as Slovakia), and Hungary are members of the Visegrad Group, created in February 1991 at the northern Hungarian town of Visegrad. After World War II until 1989-1990, these countries were Communist states, as well as members of the Warsaw Pact. On January 1, 1993, the Czech and Slovak Republics, previously Czechoslovakia, split to form two separate states. During the past decade, the Visegrad group has made the transition to democracy and to market-based economies. On May 1, 2004, the Visegrad countries became members of the European Union (EU). In 1999, Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic became the first former Warsaw Pact countries to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) . Slovakia joined NATO in 2004. The Czech Republic became a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1995, Hungary and Poland joined in 1996, and Slovakia in 2001.

As members of the Visegrad Group, the four countries also belong to Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) . Slovenia , Romania , and Bulgaria are members too. The Visegrad countries are dependent on trade with the EU, in particular with Germany . These four countries also continue to face economic restructuring challenges, including: modernizing large, and to a certain extent, antiquated agricultural sectors (especially in Poland); implementing more energy efficient processes for industry in order to decrease energy consumption; absorbing the costs from cleaning up heavily-polluting industries; and adapting industries and services to EU standards.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 32,800 bbl/day (2005 est.) 5 billion cu m (2005)
Consumption: 462,700 bbl/day (2005 est.) 15 billion cu m (2005)
Exports: 51,780 bbl/day (2004 est.) 42 million cu m (2005)
Imports: 480,300 bbl/day (2004 est.) 10 billion cu m (2005)
Reserves: 96 million bbl (1 January 2006 est.) 158 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Poland - recent news

13 May 24
Poland: Cadeler strengthens position in Polish offshore wind market after securing vessel reservation agreements with two Equinor and Polenergia JVs
Cadeler has secured vessel reservation agreements with both MFW Baltyk II and MFW Baltyk III, each a joint venture project owned 50% by Equinor and 50% by Polenergia, marking the first contract between the parties. Operations are scheduled to commence in 2027. The wind farms are situated in the Baltic Sea.
10 Apr 24
Poland: ORLEN Group to deliver another 1 bcm of self-produced Norwegian gas to Poland via Baltic Pipe
The ORLEN Group has increased the volume of natural gas transported to Poland from its own production assets in Norway by more than 30%, equating to an additional 1 bcm annually. Gas produced from Norwegian fields by PGNiG Upstream Norway already accounts for about a half of the entire Baltic Pipe capacity booked by ORLEN.
28 Mar 24
Poland: Seaway7 awarded contract offshore Poland
Subsea7 has announced the award to Seaway7, part of the Subsea7 Group, of a sizeable contract by PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna and Ørsted for the transport and installation of the substations for the Baltica 2 wind farm, offshore Poland.
27 Mar 24
Poland: Vestas wins 37 MW project in Poland
Vestas has received a firm order from Energa Green Development, a subsidiary of the ORLEN Group, for the Szybowice project in Opolskie, Poland.
19 Feb 24
Poland: Siemens Gamesa to supply Baltyk 2 and Baltyk 3 projects with their largest offshore wind turbines to date
Equinor and Polenergia have selected Siemens Gamesa as their wind turbine supplier for the Baltyk II and Baltyk III offshore wind farms located in the Baltic Sea. The two energy companies have signed final contracts for the production, delivery and service of 100 modern offshore wind turbines.

Poland - more news

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