Middle East / Africa

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Summary | Profile

Country profile: Israel

Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon
Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley
Size: 20770 sq. km total (Land area: 20330 sq. km  Water area: 440 sq.km)
Population: 7,112,359
Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
Government: parliamentary democracy
Capital city: Jerusalem
Legal system: mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, in personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; in December 1985, Israel informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: new Israeli shekel (ILS); note - NIS is the curren

Country profile

Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories Israel occupied since the 1967 war are not included in the Israel country profile, unless otherwise noted.

On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives and Syria to achieve a permanent settlement. Israel and Palestinian officials signed on 13 September 1993 a Declaration of Principles (also known as the "Oslo Accords") guiding an interim period of Palestinian self-rule. Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace.

In addition, on 25 May 2000, Israel withdrew unilaterally from southern Lebanon, which it had occupied since 1982. In April 2003, US President BUSH, working in conjunction with the EU, UN, and Russia - the "Quartet" - took the lead in laying out a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005, based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Israel and a democratic Palestine. However, progress toward a permanent status agreement was undermined by Israeli-Palestinian violence between September 2003 and February 2005. An Israeli-Palestinian agreement reached at Sharm al-Sheikh in February 2005, along with an internally-brokered Palestinian ceasefire, significantly reduced the violence. In the summer of 2005, Israel unilaterally disengaged from the Gaza Strip, evacuating settlers and its military while retaining control over most points of entry into the Gaza Strip.

The election of HAMAS in January 2006 to head the Palestinian Legislative Council froze relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA). Ehud OLMERT became prime minister in March 2006; following an Israeli military operation in Gaza in June-July 2006 and a 34-day conflict with Hizballah in Lebanon in June-August 2006, he shelved plans to unilaterally evacuate from most of the West Bank. OLMERT in June 2007 resumed talks with the PA after HAMAS seized control of the Gaza Strip and PA President Mahmoud ABBAS formed a new government without HAMAS.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 100 bbl/day (2006 est.) 709 million cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 249,500 bbl/day (2006 est.) 709 million cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: 75,980 bbl/day (2004 est.)  
Imports: 315,200 bbl/day (2004 est.)  
Reserves: 2 million bbl (1 January 2006 est.) 37 billion cu m (2006 est.)
Major fields:

Israel - recent news

20 Sep 23
Israel: Zion Oil & Gas announces award of new Megiddo Valleys License 434 allowing for ongoing oil and gas exploration in Israel
Zion Oil & Gas has been awarded a new exploration license, named the Megiddo Valleys 434. Zion plans to start re-completion operations on the Megiddo-Jezreel-1 well (MJ-01) as soon as possible.
25 Aug 23
Israel: ROVOP secures new long term contract award from Energean
ROVOP, a leading supplier of subsea Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) to the energy industry, has secured a new five-year contract with Energean, the leading independent, gas-focused E&P company in the Eastern Mediterranean.
24 Aug 23
Israel: Energean continues offshore Israel progress - takes new step towards production from Katlan
Following the uniquely successful 5 well East Mediterranean exploration campaign, which discovered approx. 68 bcm of natural gas across the multi block (Katlan & Tanin) 'Olympus Area', offshore Israel, Energean has announced a new partnership with TechnipFMC that will take a new step towards the production of this regionally significant resource.
16 Jun 23
Israel: Zion Oil and Gas provides update on operations onshore Israel
Zion Oil & Gas has provided an update on operations onshore Israel, following its recent annual meeting.
22 May 23
Israel: Zion Oil and Gas announces significant progress in Israel
Zion Oil & Gas celebrates significant milestones leading the Company into a new phase of operations in Israel. Preparations for the re-entry of the Megiddo-Jezreel - 1 well (MJ-01) are underway,

Israel - more news

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