Middle East / Africa

Uganda flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Uganda

Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Size: 236040 sq. km total (Land area: 199710 sq. km  Water area: 36330 sq.km)
Population: 31,367,972
Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages
Government: republic
Capital city: Kampala
Legal system: in 1995, the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Currency: Ugandan shilling (UGX)

Country profile

The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives.

The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 11,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 10,870 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Major fields:

Uganda - recent news

12 Apr 21
Uganda/Tanzania: Total concludes final agreements for the Lake Albert Resources Development Project
Total has concluded final agreements for the Lake Albert Resources Development Project in Uganda and Tanzania. The Lake Albert development encompasses Tilenga and Kingfisher upstream oil projects in Uganda, which are expected to deliver a combined production of 230,000 barrels per day at plateau.
12 Apr 21
Uganda, Tanzania, oil firms sign accords to build USD3.5 billion pipeline
Uganda, Tanzania and oil firms Total and CNOOC have signed agreements that will kickstart the construction of a $3.5 billion crude pipeline to help ship crude from fields in western Uganda to international markets.
08 Mar 21
Uganda and Tanzania: Total acts in transparency on social and environmental stakes of the Lake Albert resources development project
In accordance with its guiding principle of transparency in engaging with civil society, Total has published the studies, independent third-party reviews and social and environmental action plans related to the Tilenga project in Uganda and the EACOP (East African Crude Oil Pipeline) project in Uganda and Tanzania.
10 Nov 20
Uganda: Tullow completes USD575 million sale of Uganda assets to Total
Tullow has completed the USD575 million sale of its Uganda assets to Total. The closing of the transaction marks Tullow’s exit from its licences in Uganda after 16 years of operations in the Lake Albert basin.
21 Oct 20
Uganda: Tullow Oil receives government approvals for USD575 million sale of Uganda assets to Total
Tullow Oil has announced that the Government of Uganda and the Ugandan Revenue Authority have executed a binding Tax Agreement that reflects the pre-agreed principles on the tax treatment of the sale of Tullow’s Ugandan assets to Total. The transfer of Tullow’s interests to Total and the transfer of operatorship for Block 2 have also been approved.

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