Middle East / Africa

Uganda flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Uganda

Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Size: 236040 sq. km total (Land area: 199710 sq. km  Water area: 36330 sq.km)
Population: 31,367,972
Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages
Government: republic
Capital city: Kampala
Legal system: in 1995, the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Currency: Ugandan shilling (UGX)

Country profile

The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives.

The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 11,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 10,870 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Major fields:

Uganda - recent news

05 Jan 24
Uganda/Tanzania: TotalEnergies to assess land acquisition program in Uganda and Tanzania as part of the Tilenga and EACOP projects
Patrick Pouyanné, Chairman and CEO of TotalEnergies, has entrusted Lionel Zinsou, a recognized expert in African economic development, with a mission to assess the land acquisition program carried out in Uganda and Tanzania as part of the Tilenga and EACOP (East African Crude Oil Pipeline) projects, and the socio-economic development initiatives accompanying this program.
02 Jan 24
Uganda: Centurion Law Group has successfully advised Oranto Petroleum in the renewal of its oil exploration licence in Uganda
Centurion Law Group has successfully advised Oranto Petroleum in the renewal of its oil exploration license in Uganda. The Ugandan government has extended Oranto’s license for two additional years, covering the Ngassa Deep and Ngassa Shallow exploration areas.
20 Nov 23
Uganda/Tanzania: TotalEnergies publishes the response of EACOP to Greenfaith report
Following the publication of the report by the NGO Greenfaith on the consideration of cultural heritage within the EACOP project in Uganda and Tanzania, and for which EACOP was unfortunately not requested in advance, TotalEnergies has asked its affiliate EACOP Ltd, which operates the EACOP project, to address the allegations raised in the report.
07 Sep 23
Uganda: DGR Global and Armour Energy announce update on funding for Uganda oil exploration project via Conjugate Energy
DGR Global and Armour Energy have established a new UK-incorporated company, Conjugate Energy, which will hold interests in oil exploration projects in the Albertine Graben, Uganda. Conjugate intends to seek admission to a UK stock exchange and raise funds primarily to drill two exploration wells or drill ready prospects with substantial resources of oil.
30 Jul 23
Uganda: Drilling operations progress for the Tilenga project and Kingfisher oil fields in Uganda
The drilling of production wells for the Kingfisher and Tilenga oil production projects is continuing since the launch in January 2023. This is in preparation for the planned commencement of oil production in Uganda in 2025.

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