Middle East / Africa

Madagascar flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Madagascar

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Terrain: narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
Size: 587040 sq. km total (Land area: 581540 sq. km  Water area: 5500 sq.km)
Population: 20,042,551 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
Government: republic
Capital city: Antananarivo
Legal system: based on French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Currency: ariary (MGA)

Country profile

The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). F

ormerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA is now in his second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 92 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Consumption: 17,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Exports: 363 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 17,830 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Major fields:

Madagascar - recent news

06 Nov 18
Madagascar: OMNIS, in partnership with TGS and BGP, announces the opening of the Madagascar 2018-2019 Licensing Round at Africa Oil Week 2018
OMNIS, in partnership with TGS and BGP, has announced the opening of the Madagascar 2018-2019 Licensing Round at Africa Oil Week 2018. On offer are 44 offshore blocks in the Morondava Basin, located on the western margin of Madagascar.
13 Sep 18
Madagascar to launch 2018-19 Licensing Round
OMNIS, in partnership with TGS and BGP, have announced a licensing round in Madagascar, to be launched at Africa Oil Week, 5-9th November 2018.

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