Middle East / Africa

Comoros flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Comoros

Location: Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Size: 2170 sq. km total (Land area: 2170 sq. km )
Population: 731,775 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Government: republic
Capital city: Moroni
Legal system: French and Islamic law in a new consolidated code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Comoran franc (KMF)

Country profile

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government.

AZALI won the 2002 Presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its own president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI took office. Since 2006, Anjouan's President Mohamed BACAR has refused to work effectively with the Union presidency. In 2007, BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008, AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 700 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 709 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Reserves:  (1 January 2006 est.)  
Major fields:

Comoros - recent news

24 Jul 19
Comoros: Tullow Oil to acquire Comoros 3D seismic
Announcing its 2019 Half Year results, Tullow Oil reported that its entry into the Comoros Islands has completed and Tullow is now the operator of Blocks 35, 36 and 37. A 3D seismic contract award has been approved for the blocks, which are outboard of circa 200 trillion cubic feet ('TCF') of gas in place discovered in Rovuma Areas 1 and 4, offshore Mozambique.
29 Nov 18
Comoros: Discover Exploration farms out Comoros PSC to Tullow Oil
Discover Exploration has signed a binding agreement to farm out a 35 per cent working interest in its Production Sharing Contract covering Blocks 35, 36 & 37 offshore the Union of the Comoros to Tullow Oil.

Comoros - more news

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