Middle East / Africa
Country profile: Zambia
|Location:||Southern Africa, east of Angola|
|Climate:||tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)|
|Terrain:||mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains|
|Size:||752614 sq. km total (Land area: 740724 sq. km Water area: 11890 sq.km)|
|Languages:||English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages|
|Legal system:||based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction|
|Currency:||Zambian kwacha (ZMK)|
The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923.
During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA.
The new president launched an anticorruption investigation in 2002 to probe high-level corruption during the previous administration. In 2006-07, this task force successfully prosecuted four cases, including a landmark civil case in the UK in which former President CHILUBA and numerous others were found liable for USD 41 million. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair.
Energy production and consumption
|Production:||150 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Consumption:||14,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Exports:||169 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
|Imports:||13,370 bbl/day (2005 est.)|
Zambia - recent news
|21 Mar 22
||Zambia: Chariot enters into partnership to advance the development of renewable energy for mining operations in Zambia
Chariot Transitional Power, a division of Chariot, along with Total Eren, a leading France-based renewable energy Independent Power Producer, has entered into a newly established partnership with First Quantum Minerals, a global mining and metals company, to advance the development of a 430 MW solar and wind power project for its mining operations in Zambia.
|27 Jun 18
||Zambia: Oranto Petroleum farms into Zambian oil blocks
Pan-African explorer Oranto Petroleum is farming into two exploration blocks located onshore Zambia. Blocks 17 and 27 represent Oranto’s first investment in the country.
Zambia - more news
Other countries in this region
- Central Africa Republic,
- Congo (Brazzaville),
- Congo (Democratic Rep.),
- Cote d'Ivoire,
- Equatorial Guinea,
- Guinea (Republic),
- Guinea Bissau,
- Sao Tome,
- Saudi Arabia,
- Sierra Leone,
- South Africa,
- South Sudan,
- United Arab Emirates,
- Western Sahara,