Middle East / Africa

Sudan flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Sudan

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Climate: tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north
Size: 2505810 sq. km total (Land area: 2376000 sq. km  Water area: 129810 sq.km)
Population: 40,218,455 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English. note: program of "Arabization" in process
Government: Government of National Unity (GNU) - the National Congress Party (NCP) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA);
Capital city: Khartoum
Legal system: based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20 January 1991
Currency: Sudanese pounds (SDG)

Country profile

Sudan is developing its significant hydrocarbon resources. The country’s oil exports, which have increased sharply since the completion of a major oil-export pipeline in 1999, account for 70 percent of total export revenues. Additional growth in Sudan’s hydrocarbon sector will likely occur with a refurbished infrastructure, which has seen little improvement since the beginning of the country’s civil conflicts in 1955. As of January 2007, according to the Sudanese Minister of State for Energy and Mines, Sudan is considering joining the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) at some point in the future. In January 2005, the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in the south signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended 21-years of civil war.

Prior to the signing, several important issues were agreed upon by the two parties including the sharing of oil revenues (50:50). Also in 2005, President Bashir formed a border commission tasked with defining the border between northern and southern Sudan, in accordance to the CPA. Much of Sudan’s oil producing region lies in the disputed border area. In 2004, Sudan’s energy consumption mix was dominated by oil (93 percent), with the remainder coming from hydroelectricity (7 percent). Natural gas, coal, nuclear and other renewables are currently not part of the country’s energy consumption mix. Between 1984-2004, the share of oil in Sudan’s energy mix increased from 86 percent to 93 percent. Hydroelectricity consumption experienced a decrease, during the same time period, from 14 percent to 7 percent.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production: 397,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Consumption: 79,760 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Exports: 279,100 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Imports: 7,945 bbl/day (2006 est.)  
Reserves: 6 billion bbl (2007 est.)  
Major fields:

Sudan - recent news

15 Apr 24
Sudan/South Sudan: Wildcat Petroleum provides update on the Republic of Sudan and South Sudan
Wildcat Petroleum has provided an update on its plans in Sudan and the Republic of Sudan. The Company reports that due to a change in policy in the Republic of Sudan Wildcat won't yet be awarded a service contract over the Bamboo field. Wildcat will now concentrate on South Sudan.
05 Jan 24
Sudan: Wildcat Petroleum provides operations update
Wildcat Petroleum has provided an provides operations update as it strives to establish Sudanese oil production in 2024.
07 Oct 23
Sudan: Wilcat Petroleum provides update on Sudan
Wildcat Petroleum has provided an update on its plans in the Republic of Sudan. The company’s ultimate intention is to manage oil production in Blocks 1, 3, 4 & 5. A MOU was signed over these 4 Blocks, which contain the Bamboo Field, last October.
18 Sep 23
Sudan: Wilcat Petroleum provides update on Sudan
Wildcat Petroleum has provided an update on its plans in the Republic of Sudan. The Company intends to sign a service agreement with the Sudanese government within the next few weeks with a view to increasing oil production on the Bamboo oil field.
26 Jun 23
Wildcat Petroleum signs MoU regarding funding
Wildcat Petroleum has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with a third party that has expressed an interest to carry out due diligence on deals that Wildcat can source from Sudan.

Sudan - more news

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