Middle East / Africa

Mozambique flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Mozambique

Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Climate: tropical to subtropical
Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Size: 801590 sq. km total (Land area: 784090 sq. km  Water area: 17500 sq.km)
Population: 21,284,701
Languages: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Government: republic
Capital city: Maputo
Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: metical (MZM)

Country profile

The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997).

In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration by whites, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy.


A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. Mozambique has seen very strong economic growth since the end of the civil war largely due to post-conflict reconstruction.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production:   191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Imports: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Reserves:   122 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Mozambique - recent news

04 Mar 24
Mozambique: TotalEnergies publishes its response to Le Monde French newspaper re Mozambique LNG project
On 1st March 2024, the French daily newspaper Le Monde published an article on the Mozambique LNG project. The questions posed by the journalists were answered in detail. However, given the limited use of its responses in the article and in the interest of transparency, the Company has decided to publish its exhaustive answers.
13 Dec 23
Mozambique: The consortium of EDF, TotalEnergies and Sumitomo Corporation selected to develop a 1,500 MW hydropower project
The consortium of EDF, TotalEnergies and Sumitomo Corporation has been selected as strategic partner by the Government of Mozambique and entered into a joint development agreement for the development of the Mphanda Nkuwa hydropower project.
10 Oct 23
Mozambique LNG: TotalEnergies publishes its full response to Le Monde French newspaper
TotalEnergies has published its full response to an article recently published by French daily newspaper Le Monde mentioning the Mozambique LNG project.
18 Jul 23
Mozambique: Scatec sells Mozambique solar power plant to Globeleq for USD 8.5 million in line with strategy
Scatec, a leading renewable energy company in emerging markets, has signed an agreement with Globeleq to sell its 52.5% equity share in the 40 MW Mocuba solar power plant in Mozambique for USD 8.5 million (NOK 85 million), in line with the company's strategy.
23 May 23
Mozambique: TotalEnergies publishes report on human rights in Cabo Delgado, together with an action plan decided by the Mozambique LNG partners
TotalEnergies has published a report on the humanitarian situation in the province of Cabo Delgado where the Mozambique LNG project is located, as well as the action plan decided by Mozambique LNG partners based on the recommendations of the report.

Mozambique - more news

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