Middle East / Africa

Mozambique flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Mozambique

Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Climate: tropical to subtropical
Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Size: 801590 sq. km total (Land area: 784090 sq. km  Water area: 17500 sq.km)
Population: 21,284,701
Languages: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Government: republic
Capital city: Maputo
Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: metical (MZM)

Country profile

The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997).

In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration by whites, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy.


A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. Mozambique has seen very strong economic growth since the end of the civil war largely due to post-conflict reconstruction.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Production:   191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Imports: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Reserves:   122 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Mozambique - recent news

27 Aug 20
Mozambique: Total signs MoU with the Government of Mozambique regarding the security of Mozambique LNG project activities
Total E&P Mozambique Area 1, operator of the Mozambique LNG project, has signed a new Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Mozambique regarding the security of Mozambique LNG project activities.
19 Jul 20
Mozambique: Total announces signing of Mozambique LNG project financing
Total has announced the signing of a USD14.9 billion senior debt financing agreement for Mozambique LNG, the country’s first onshore LNG development, which includes the development of the Golfinho and Atum natural gas fields located in Offshore Area 1 concession.
06 Jul 20
Mozambique: Sasol relinquishes Blocks 16 and 19 licence - update
Following an evaluation of the exploration potential of the blocks and an assessment of the report of the pre-feasibility phase of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Sasol has decided to relinquish its exploration licence in Blocks 16 & 19 offshore Mozambique.
05 Jul 20
Mozambique: Sasol gives up licence to explore for gas offshore Mozambique
Sasol is reported to have relinquished its licence to explore for gas off the Mozambique coast. The Company said in a statement that it would 'return Block 16/19 in its entirety to the Government of Mozambique'.
20 Feb 20
Mozambique: Total awards two LNG agreements to Worley
Worley has been awarded two master service agreements (MSAs) by Total E&P Mozambique Area 1 to provide services to the Mozambique LNG Project.

Mozambique - more news

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