Middle East / Africa

Mozambique flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Mozambique

Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Climate: tropical to subtropical
Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Size: 801590 sq. km total (Land area: 784090 sq. km  Water area: 17500 sq.km)
Population: 21,284,701
Languages: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Government: republic
Capital city: Maputo
Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: metical (MZM)
Licensing:

Country profile

The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997).

In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration by whites, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy.

 

A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. Mozambique has seen very strong economic growth since the end of the civil war largely due to post-conflict reconstruction.

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production:   191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.) 191 million cu m (2005 est.)
Exports:    
Imports: 13,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Reserves:   122 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:



Mozambique - recent news

17 May 21
Mozambique: Sasol concludes sale and purchase agreement to sell 30 per cent interest in ROMPCO pipeline
Sasol South Africa (SSA), a major subsidiary of Sasol, has concluded a sale and purchase agreement (SPA), to sell a 30% equity interest in the Republic of Mozambique Pipeline Company (ROMPCO), subject to pre-emptive rights by other shareholders.
26 Apr 21
Mozambique: Total declares Force Majeure on Mozambique LNG project
Considering the evolution of the security situation in the north of the Cabo Delgado province in Mozambique, Total confirms the withdrawal of all Mozambique LNG project personnel from the Afungi site. This situation leads Total, as operator of the Mozambique LNG project, to declare force majeure.
17 Mar 21
New 3t EnerMech joint venture secures vital work with UK Government and Mozambique’s oil and gas sector
3t EnerMech, a new strategic alliance between 3t Energy Group and EnerMech, has announced its first award, a significant contract with the UK Government, which will help to shape future training requirements for Mozambique’s growing oil and gas workforce.
25 Feb 21
Mozambique: UTEC wins survey work for the Coral-Sul FLNG project, offshore Mozambique
UTEC, a global surveying company and part of marine energy and infrastructure services group Acteon, has been awarded survey work by TechnipFMC to support the development of the Coral-Sul FLNG (floating liquefied natural gas) project, the world’s first in ultra-deepwater.
23 Feb 21
Mozambique: EnerMech establishes presence in Mozambique with new office and appointment of country manager
EnerMech has appointed Celestino Maússe to the newly created role of Mozambique country manager as the company seeks to expand its business as local activity ramps up.

Mozambique - more news

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