Middle East / Africa

Namibia flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Namibia

Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Climate: desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Size: 825418 sq. km total (Land area: 825418 sq. km )
Population: 2,088,669
Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)
Government: republic
Capital city: Windhoek
Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Namibian dollar (NAD); South African rand (ZAR)

Country profile

The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC) , has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola , Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.

Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 18,400 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 17,580 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Reserves:   59 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Major fields:

Namibia - recent news

06 May 21
Namibia: ReconAfrica spuds second well in the Kavango Basin, NE Namibia
Reconnaissance Energy Africa ('ReconAfrica') has spudded the second well (6-1), of an initial three well program, in the Kavango Basin in the Kalahari Desert of North East Namibia.
05 May 21
Namibia: Frontier Resources International announces active hydrocarbon system in Namibia continues to exceed expectations
Frontier Resources International has provided an operational update on its activities in Namibia. Frontier’s Blocks 1723, 1724 and 1823 are in the Caprivi Basin in Northern Namibia. A two-year Reconnaissance license was granted in July 2019. Frontier has a strategic relationship with local company Gondwana Petroleum to provide technical services and act as operator for the project.
15 Apr 21
Namibia: ReconAfrica's first of three wells confirms a working petroleum system in the Kavango Basin in Namibia
Namibia's Ministry of Mines and Energy ('MME') and Reconnaissance Energy Africa ('ReconAfrica') have announced preliminary analysis of the data from the 6-2 well, the first of a three well drilling program, provides clear evidence of a working conventional petroleum system in the Kavango Basin.
06 Apr 21
Namibia: Qatar Petroleum to partner Shell in two exploration blocks offshore the Republic of Namibia
Qatar Petroleum has entered into an agreement with Shell to become a partner in two exploration blocks offshore the Republic of Namibia.
01 Mar 21
Namibia: ReconAfrica announces update on Kavango Basin drilling
Reconnaissance Energy Africa (ReconAfrica) has provided an update on drilling operations in the Kavango sedimentary basin in the Kalahari Desert of North East Namibia.

Namibia - more news

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