Middle East / Africa
Country profile: Qatar
|Location:||Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia|
|Climate:||arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers|
|Terrain:||mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel|
|Size:||11437 sq. km total (Land area: 11437 sq. km )|
|Population:||928,635 (July 2008 est.)|
|Languages:||Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language|
|Legal system:||based on Islamic and civil law codes; discretionary system of law controlled by the Amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction|
|Currency:||Qatari rial (QAR)|
While Qatar is a member of the Organization of the Oil Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is a significant oil producer, the government has devoted more resources to the development of natural gas in recent years, particularly for export as liquefied natural gas (LNG). In 2006, Qatar reportedly surpassed Indonesia to become the largest exporter of LNG in the world.
Together, revenues from the oil and natural gas sectors amount to 60 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Domestically, the vast majority of Qatar’s total energy consumption comes from natural gas (79 percent), while the balance is supplied by oil.
Energy production and consumption
|Production:||1 million bbl/day (2005 est.)||43 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Consumption:||95,000 bbl/day (2004)||17 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Exports:||960,600 bbl/day (2004)||25 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Reserves:||15 billion bbl (2007 est.)||25 trillion cu m (1 January 2007 est.)|
Qatar - recent news
|06 Nov 23
||Qatar: QatarEnergy and Sinopec sign historic North Field South partnership and 27-year LNG supply agreement
QatarEnergy has announced the signing of a partnership agreement with China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec) for the North Field South (NFS) expansion project.
|23 Oct 23
||Qatar: Eni signs long term LNG agreement for deliveries from North Field East expansion project in Qatar
Eni has signed a long-term contract with QatarEnergy for the delivery of up to 1.5 billion cubic meters per annum of LNG. The available volumes will be delivered at the receiving terminal 'FSRU Italia', currently located in Piombino, Italy, with expected deliveries starting from 2026 with a duration of 27 years.
|18 Oct 23
||Qatar/Netherlands: QatarEnergy and Shell sign 27-year LNG supply agreements for the supply of LNG to the Netherlands
QatarEnergy and Shell have signed two long-term LNG sale and purchase agreements for the supply of up to 3.5 million tons per annum (MTPA) of LNG from Qatar to the Netherlands.
|12 Oct 23
||Qatar/France: QatarEnergy and TotalEnergies sign a 27-year LNG supply agreement for up to 3.5 MTPA to France
Affiliates of QatarEnergy and TotalEnergies have signed two long-term LNG sale and purchase agreements (SPAs) for the supply of up to 3.5 million tons per annum (MTPA) of LNG from Qatar to France. Pursuant to the SPAs, LNG will be delivered ex-ship to the Fos Cavaou LNG receiving terminal in southern France, with deliveries expected to start in 2026 for a term of 27 years.
|03 Oct 23
||Qatar: QatarEnergy's North Field expansion project to raise Qatar's LNG production capacity from 77 MTPA to 126 MTPA
His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar, laid the foundation stone of the North Field expansion project, which will raise the State of Qatar's LNG production capacity from the current 77 million tons per annum (MTPA) to 126 MTPA by 2026.
Qatar - more news
Other countries in this region
- Central Africa Republic,
- Congo (Brazzaville),
- Congo (Democratic Rep.),
- Cote d'Ivoire,
- Equatorial Guinea,
- Guinea (Republic),
- Guinea Bissau,
- Sao Tome,
- Saudi Arabia,
- Sierra Leone,
- South Africa,
- South Sudan,
- United Arab Emirates,
- Western Sahara,