Middle East / Africa
Country profile: Qatar
|Location:||Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia|
|Climate:||arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers|
|Terrain:||mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel|
|Size:||11437 sq. km total (Land area: 11437 sq. km )|
|Population:||928,635 (July 2008 est.)|
|Languages:||Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language|
|Legal system:||based on Islamic and civil law codes; discretionary system of law controlled by the Amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction|
|Currency:||Qatari rial (QAR)|
While Qatar is a member of the Organization of the Oil Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is a significant oil producer, the government has devoted more resources to the development of natural gas in recent years, particularly for export as liquefied natural gas (LNG). In 2006, Qatar reportedly surpassed Indonesia to become the largest exporter of LNG in the world.
Together, revenues from the oil and natural gas sectors amount to 60 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Domestically, the vast majority of Qatar’s total energy consumption comes from natural gas (79 percent), while the balance is supplied by oil.
Energy production and consumption
|Production:||1 million bbl/day (2005 est.)||43 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Consumption:||95,000 bbl/day (2004)||17 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Exports:||960,600 bbl/day (2004)||25 billion cu m (2005 est.)|
|Reserves:||15 billion bbl (2007 est.)||25 trillion cu m (1 January 2007 est.)|
Qatar - recent news
|18 Oct 20
||Qatar: Northern Offshore's Energy Enticer jack-up commences drilling at Qatar Petroleum’s North Field
Northern Offshore has announced commencement of drilling operations with Qatargas for the Energy Enticer jack-up; the first of three drilling units to commence long-term contracts with Qatargas on behalf of Qatar Petroleum.
|29 Sep 20
||Qatar: Baker Hughes announces major LNG deal with Qatar Petroleum
Baker Hughes has announced an order with longtime partner Qatar Petroleum to supply multiple main refrigerant compressors (MRCs) for Qatar Petroleum’s North Field East (NFE) project, executed by Qatargas. The order is among the largest LNG deals secured by Baker Hughes in the past five years, for both MTPA and equipment awarded.
|07 Aug 20
||Qatar: Air Products selected for first phase of Qatar Petroleum’s massive LNG production expansion project
Air Products, the world’s leader in liquefied natural gas (LNG) technology and equipment, has been selected to provide its proprietary AP-X Natural Gas Liquefaction Process technology and equipment to Qatargas for the first phase of Qatar Petroleum’s massive LNG production expansion project, commonly known as the North Field East (NFE) Project.
|21 Jul 20
||Qatar: Fugro completes Phase 1 of site investigation contract for Qatargas North Field
Fugro has completed the first phase of their multidisciplinary offshore site investigation for Qatargas’ North Field Production Sustainability’s Compression Phase.
|01 Jun 20
||Qatar Petroleum signs the largest LNG shipbuilding agreements in history to cater for its LNG growth plans
Qatar Petroleum has entered into three agreements to reserve LNG ship construction capacity in the Republic of Korea to be utilized for Qatar Petroleum’s future LNG carrier fleet requirements, including those for the ongoing expansion projects in the North Field and in the United States.
Qatar - more news
Other countries in this region
- Central Africa Republic,
- Congo (Brazzaville),
- Congo (Democratic Rep.),
- Cote d'Ivoire,
- Equatorial Guinea,
- Guinea (Republic),
- Guinea Bissau,
- Sao Tome,
- Saudi Arabia,
- Sierra Leone,
- South Africa,
- South Sudan,
- United Arab Emirates,
- Western Sahara,