Middle East / Africa

Qatar flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Qatar

Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Size: 11437 sq. km total (Land area: 11437 sq. km )
Population: 928,635 (July 2008 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
Government: emirate
Capital city: Doha
Legal system: based on Islamic and civil law codes; discretionary system of law controlled by the Amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Currency: Qatari rial (QAR)
Licensing:

Country profile

While Qatar is a member of the Organization of the Oil Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is a significant oil producer, the government has devoted more resources to the development of natural gas in recent years, particularly for export as liquefied natural gas (LNG). In 2006, Qatar reportedly surpassed Indonesia to become the largest exporter of LNG in the world.

Together, revenues from the oil and natural gas sectors amount to 60 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Domestically, the vast majority of Qatar’s total energy consumption comes from natural gas (79 percent), while the balance is supplied by oil.

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production: 1 million bbl/day (2005 est.) 43 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Consumption: 95,000 bbl/day (2004) 17 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: 960,600 bbl/day (2004) 25 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Imports:    
Reserves: 15 billion bbl (2007 est.) 25 trillion cu m (1 January 2007 est.)
Major fields:



Qatar - recent news

20 Jan 20
Qatar: Total to develop Qatar’s first large-scale (800 MWp) solar plant
Total has entered into agreements for the development of the Al Kharsaah Solar PV IPP Project, a 800 megawatt-peak (MWp) solar plant that will be located 80 kms west of Doha, Qatar. The project was awarded to a consortium of Total and Marubeni as the result of the country’s first solar tender.
06 Jan 20
Qatar: Qatar Petroleum and Kuwait Petroleum sign agreement to supply LNG to Kuwait
Qatar Petroleum and Kuwait Petroleum have entered into a long term Sale and Purchase Agreement for the supply of up to 3 million tons per annum of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to the State of Kuwait.
26 Nov 19
Qatar's LNG production to rise 64 percent by 2027
Qatar Petroleum has announced that it will raise Qatar’s LNG production capacity to 126 million tons per annum (mtpa) by 2027, representing an increase of 64 percent from the current 77 mtpa.
10 Oct 19
Qatar: Sparrows Group lands first contract with Qatar Petroleum
International specialist equipment and integrated engineering services company, Sparrows Group, has been awarded its first contract with Qatar Petroleum to provide crane maintenance services on the PS-1 platform - located in the Idd El-Shargi field, North Dome, 85 kms east of Doha.
07 Oct 19
Qatar: Qatar Petroleum assumes operatorship of the Idd El-Shargi North Dome and Idd-El Shargi South Dome offshore oil fields
Qatar Petroleum has assumed the management and operatorship of the Idd El-Shargi North Dome (ISND) and Idd El-Shargi South Dome (ISSD) offshore oil fields, following the expiry of the development and production sharing agreements with Occidental Petroleum for both ISND and ISSD on 6 October 2019.

Qatar - more news

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