Middle East / Africa

Botswana flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Botswana

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
Size: 600370 sq. km total (Land area: 585370 sq. km  Water area: 15000 sq.km)
Population: 1,842,323
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Government: parliamentary republic
Capital city: Gaborone
Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Currency: pula (BWP)

Country profile

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves.

Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Botswana is not an oil producer but is the world’s largest producer of gem quality diamonds.
The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC), has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
In order to facilitate development in the region, member-states in SADC formulated various objectives, which the community works to achieve. Among those objectives are the promotion of regional economic integration, creation of intra-governmental policies, and sustainable utilization of natural resources. In addition to the broader objectives of SADC, the region’s Trade Protocol calls for member-states to further liberalize intra-regional trade, while eliminating trade barriers in order to establish a Free Trade Area (FTA) by 2008. The creation of the FTA is part of a strategic plan announced by the SADC executive secretary in 2004, which also includes the establishment of an SADC customs union by 2010, a common market pact by 2012, and establishment of an SADC central bank and preparation for a single SADC currency by 2016.


Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 12,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 13,490 bbl/day  
Major fields:

Botswana - recent news

25 Jul 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces operational report - quarter ended 30 June 2023
Tlou Energy, developing power solutions for Botswana through gas-fired power and ancillary projects, has announced a quarterly activity report on its Lesedi, Mamba and Boomslang Projects.
14 Jun 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces drilling and operations update
Tlou Energy, developing power solutions for Botswana through gas-fired power and ancillary projects, has announced a drilling and operations update for the Company's 100% owned and operated Lesedi Power Project, located in central Botswana.
28 Apr 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces quarterly activity report
Tlou Energy, developing power solutions for Botswana through gas-fired power and ancillary projects, has announced a quarterly activity report on its Lesedi, Mamba and Boomslang Projects.
12 Apr 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy begins next phase of drilling at the Lesedi Gas-to-Power project
Tlou Energy has announced that work has begun on the next phase of drilling at the Company's Lesedi Gas-to-Power project. The Lesedi 6 gas production pod spudded on 10 April 2023 and is at a depth of approx. 59m.
27 Mar 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy completes A$200,000 placement
Tlou Energy has raised A$200,000 via placing of new ordinary shares. The funds have been raised from Australian based sophisticated investors and will go towards development of Tlou’s Lesedi project in Botswana.

Botswana - more news

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