Middle East / Africa

Botswana flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Botswana

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
Size: 600370 sq. km total (Land area: 585370 sq. km  Water area: 15000 sq.km)
Population: 1,842,323
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Government: parliamentary republic
Capital city: Gaborone
Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Currency: pula (BWP)
Licensing:

Country profile

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves.

Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Botswana is not an oil producer but is the world’s largest producer of gem quality diamonds.
 
The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC), has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
 
In order to facilitate development in the region, member-states in SADC formulated various objectives, which the community works to achieve. Among those objectives are the promotion of regional economic integration, creation of intra-governmental policies, and sustainable utilization of natural resources. In addition to the broader objectives of SADC, the region’s Trade Protocol calls for member-states to further liberalize intra-regional trade, while eliminating trade barriers in order to establish a Free Trade Area (FTA) by 2008. The creation of the FTA is part of a strategic plan announced by the SADC executive secretary in 2004, which also includes the establishment of an SADC customs union by 2010, a common market pact by 2012, and establishment of an SADC central bank and preparation for a single SADC currency by 2016.

 

Energy production and consumption


Oil Gas
Production:    
Consumption: 12,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Exports:    
Imports: 13,490 bbl/day  
Reserves:    
Major fields:



Botswana - recent news

08 Mar 24
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces interim results
Tlou Energy has announced its interim results for the six months ended 31 December 2023. The Company has made excellent progress over recent months and remains on track to get gas fired power into the grid in Botswana later this year.
23 Feb 24
Botswana: Tlou Energy provides Lesedi project update: Progress towards electricity generation
Tlou Energy has announced completion of the crucial 66kV transmission line, connecting Tlou's Lesedi project directly to both Botswana's power grid and the broader Southern African Power Pool. The Company is in discussions with several strategic parties to secure the remaining funds required for project completion.
27 Nov 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces first gas from Lesedi 6 Production Pod
Tlou Energy, developing power solutions for Botswana through gas-fired power and ancillary projects, reports that gas has started to flow at the Lesedi 6 Production Pod in Botswana and has been flared.
06 Nov 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy secures A$3m loan agreement
Tlou Energy has secured a A$3m loan in addition to the A$2m loan to the Company announced on 2 May 2023. The new loan is repayable on the earlier of 3 years or 60 days after generation of first electricity from the Company's Lesedi project in Botswana.
27 Oct 23
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces quarterly activity report q/e 30 September 2023
Tlou Energy, developing power solutions for Botswana through gas-fired power and ancillary projects, has announced a quarterly activity report on its Lesedi, Mamba and Boomslang Projects.

Botswana - more news

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