Middle East / Africa

Botswana flag
Summary | Profile

Country profile: Botswana

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
Size: 600370 sq. km total (Land area: 585370 sq. km  Water area: 15000 sq.km)
Population: 1,842,323
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Government: parliamentary republic
Capital city: Gaborone
Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Currency: pula (BWP)

Country profile

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves.

Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Botswana is not an oil producer but is the world’s largest producer of gem quality diamonds.
The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which evolved into the Southern African Development Community (SADC), has been in existence since 1980. The original nine member-countries were Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. South Africa joined SADC in 1994 followed by Mauritius (1995), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, 1997). In 2005, SADC granted Madagascar membership. In addition to belonging to SADC, Angola, DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
In order to facilitate development in the region, member-states in SADC formulated various objectives, which the community works to achieve. Among those objectives are the promotion of regional economic integration, creation of intra-governmental policies, and sustainable utilization of natural resources. In addition to the broader objectives of SADC, the region’s Trade Protocol calls for member-states to further liberalize intra-regional trade, while eliminating trade barriers in order to establish a Free Trade Area (FTA) by 2008. The creation of the FTA is part of a strategic plan announced by the SADC executive secretary in 2004, which also includes the establishment of an SADC customs union by 2010, a common market pact by 2012, and establishment of an SADC central bank and preparation for a single SADC currency by 2016.


Energy production and consumption

Oil Gas
Consumption: 12,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)  
Imports: 13,490 bbl/day  
Major fields:

Botswana - recent news

26 Apr 21
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces operational report
Tlou Energy, the ASX, AIM and BSE listed company focused on delivering power in Botswana and southern Africa through the exploration and development of gas and solar, has provided an operational update for the quarter ending 31 March 2021.
14 Apr 21
Botswana: Tlou Energy awards tenders for transmission Line and substation construction at its Lesedi Power Project
Tlou Energy has awarded tenders to new local contractor Zismo and OptiPower, to connect the Company's Lesedi power project to the grid at Serowe.
30 Mar 21
Botswana: Tlou Energy receives environmental approval for Boomslang Project
Botswana's DEA has approved the EIS for Tlou's Boomslang project which is located adjacent to the Company's Lesedi gas-to-power project.
16 Mar 21
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces proposed placing to raise GBP 2.6 million
Tlou Energy, an ASX, AIM and BSE listed company focused on generating cleaner power in Botswana and southern Africa using gas and solar power, has announced its intention to undertake an equity placement of £2.6 million.
01 Mar 21
Botswana: Tlou Energy announces update on funding for development of the Lesedi power project
Tlou Energy has announced that funding discussions have progressed with a key funding partner for the Company's Lesedi Power Project in Botswana.

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